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EMR vs EHR-What is the difference between EMR and EHR – Advantages & Disadvantages
In nursing informatics & technology there is a big question that What is the difference between EMR and EHR i.e difference between Electronic Medical Records & Electronic Health Record
Some people suppose EHR and EMR is the same thing but these are entirely differ to each other
let’s know the
Difference between the EHR and EMR
Electronic Medical Records (EMRs)
Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) are digital conversion of data & information collected on the paper manually, these data & information are stored in the computer in the clinician’s office.
Advantages of Electronic Medical Records (EMRs)
- EMR can be tracked the data & information of the patient over time
- Healthcare team members can easily find out which patient needs screening or medical checkup
- Healthcare team members can easily monitor & try to improve the quality of health within the practice
- Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) of any patient can be easily retrieved by the all healthcare team members those have permission to access
- EMR reduce the errors of medical data & information related to misinterpreting handwriting or transcription.
- EMR maintain privacy of the patients because only authorized individuals have access to sensitive data & information of any patient
Disadvantages of Electronic Medical Records (EMRs)
- Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) can not travel outside of the practice of clinicians , Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) can be printed on the papers & can be sent by the mail or email to another member of health care team or can be sent to the specialist
- EMRs can not be sent beyond the practice of the clinicians thus we can say it is just similar of manual data , information collected on the paper but it is digital data
- Extra work load of completing charts, entering test results and handling patient emails in different computer systems.
- If you haven’t taken backup then there is a chance of technical error occurring & then you may loss all the data having in your system .
But on another hand
Electronic Health Record (EHR)
Electronic Health Record (EHR) is a digital record of health information of any specific person & can be sent outside from the practice .
Electronic Health Record (EHR) is developed in such a manner that it can be accessed & maintained beyond the health organization where it was originally created
The main purpose to make an EHR is to provide health related information to a person or team who need this information
There could be 2 types of EHR system
- cloud based EHR system
- server based EHR systems
Cloud based EHR System
Cloud based EHR system securely stores data on servers placed at any part of the world
“the cloud based EHR system refers to system that are available on the servers that are accessed over the Internet,
the software and databases that run on those servers can be accessed from all over the world . Cloud servers are located in data centers all over the world.
With the help of cloud technology, users and companies do not have to manage physical servers themselves or run software applications on their own computers
Server based EHR systems
Server based EHR systems store data on either a personal server or in a data center.
Advantages of Electronic Health Records (EHRs)
- With the help of EHR, latest health status are recorded & can be quickly accessed when it is required & this provide higher quality & efficient health care
- Patients can communicate with their physicians to get consult by sharing different documents, images & videos
- EHR gives more accurate patient information because physicians can update patient information in real time & this provide other healthcare professionals an latest , accurate patient file.
- This electronic health record can connect every clinician or specialist who involved throughout an individual patient’s healthcare & it provides physicians a detailed background of the patient’s medical history
- EHR Increases revenue because it provides billing and payment tools & error free working environment that reduce any possible delay in generating bill & reduces rejection rates of insurance claims
- EHR let users log in and see their information from any internet enabled device from all around the world & EHR enabled healthcare providers in responding to patient questions and concerns from any part of the globe .
Disadvantages of Electronic Health Records (EHRs)
- Money & Time Expenditure : Subscription of EHR could be expensive , it takes money & time because converting papers record to digital record can take months or year , Adopting EHR system is a very careful & attentive work & it should be as per need otherwise it will end up costing you more money than expected
- Outdated data: EHRs must be updated immediately with latest health records of the patient , whether the latest information is small or large . this can lead to errors in diagnosis or treatment if the EHR is not updated immediately with latest health records of the patient
- Inconsistency and inefficiency: Maintaining an EHR system requires frequent updates. but if patients records are not updated then records can lose their accuracy and with the stale records no clinicians can not give their best treatment
- Privacy and Cybersecurity Issues : No matter how careful we are, all computerized systems are vulnerable to hackers and when a patient’s personal medical information falls into the wrong hands, he can take undue advantage or harm us.
Difference between the EHR and EMR in tabular form
EMR vs EHR
|Electronic Health Records (EHR)||Electronic Medical Records (EMR)|
|A digital record of health related data & information||digital conversion of data & information collected on the paper manually|
|Can be accessed & maintained beyond the health organization where it was originally created||Can’t access outside the individual practice|
|Enable patient to bring their medical information with them||Patients are not allowed to bring their medical information with them|
|Can be used in future for decision making by others clinicians||Can be used presently for diagnosis and treatment & can’t be used in future by others clinicians|